Princess parrot (Polytelis alexandrae)
Life Span: ~
Female: 39.5cm -
Princess parrot Body
Princess Parrot is most probably one of my most favorite Australian parrots
They have pleasant characters, in both aviary and indoor hand raised
situations. Their colouration is another great factor to why anyone will love the princess
They are very easy to care for, and have the capacity to learn to whistle
and talk. There is no difference between which sex is better to have as a pet, because they are both very
affectionate, and highly curious birds. So beware if you leave them running around the house without
supervision, as the chances are very high for them to get into trouble.
Sexing: Princess Parrots are sexually
dimorphic, meaning both male and females can easily be determined by observing the different feather colouring.
Males tend to have a more pronounced blue patch on the nape of the head, and more darker pink on the throat. A
different shade of blue feathers above the rump can also help determine sex.
The rump in males tends to be a darker blue,
while the females tend to have a lighter sky blue colour. Mature males tend to have a small lobe that extends off
the primary flight feathers. The iris in mature males have more of an orange colour as hens have a slightly browner
appearance. Finally the most striking difference in males is there beautifully long and elegant tail, if compared
to the hens tail which is shorter.
Male: The nape of the head is blue, while the back of the head and neck appear to have a
greyish olive green colour. The back and outer tail feathers are a almost yellowish olive colouration, where the
majority back parts of the wings are a stunning light although bright green. The outer flights are typically a mix
with bluish, grey with a hint of green merged into one colour. The rump has a beautiful dark purplish blue
colouration that extend half way up to the back. The throat region is a dark pink, while the chest and body parts
are a light green. The under sides of the tail feathers are pinkish, with the feet a brownish colour and the nails
being black. The beak is a dark orangeish red colour, while the eyes have a orange iris and black
Female: Very similar to the male, accept the hen does not contain the extra long tail
feathers, nor does it contain the lobes on the flight feather when mature. The hens beak is usually slightly less
paler in colour, and does not contain the bright orange iris and the full amounts of blue on the nape of the head.
The back of the rump colouring is slightly less darker in blue.
Birds: Young Princess Parrots look very similar to the hens, although they have a black eye colour.
This eye colour will change once the bird matures. Young males will get there lobes around the ages of 1.5 to 2
years. At this age the males will be sexually mature, with full feather plumage and ready to breed. Extra plumage
colouration especially the blue on the nape of the head. A darker blue on the back of the rump, orange iris
colouring and the brighter green patch will also be seen at this time.
Hybrids: There are a couple of colour mutations for the princess parrot. These colour mutations are
blues, lutinos an albino's. The Princess Parrot is a very adaptive bird, thus has been hybridised with the Superb
Parrot, Crimson Winged Parrots and Indian Ringnecks.
Distribution: Typically the Princess Parrot is seen in areas of Australia from inland of
Western Australian extending to inland South Australia and the Northern Territory.
Princess parrot breeding
Princess Parrots are relatively easy to breed in any aviary
setting without hostile birds.
They will breed quite well and may breed at anytime of the
year in a mixed setting, although I have found they breed better in a aviary to
there own species.
I have experienced second hens, forming a trio helping
another hen feeding and looking after chicks.
A common complaint if any
for Princess Parrots breeders is during incubation the hen jumps onto the
eggs and breaks them. Because of this different shapes of breeding boxes
have been designed to reduce this phenonomon.
Princess parrot supplies:
Eggs per clutch: 4-6
Incubation period: 21
Nest box size:
There are a couple of different types and sizes of nest boxes breeders may use for princess
High Parallel nest
boxes, should contain ladders inside for the birds to walk down to the basement of the breeding box so
the eggs are not damaged from birds jumping. Princess parrots are noted to be a bit clumsy, and most
breeders will keep away from these boxes. Personally I have never experienced any problems with these
boxes. A typical nest box would house at least 2-3 adults birds. This allows an adequate size for
adults plus babies to grow. I just prefer to give birds the room if I am able to. Height x 600cm Width
x40cm Depth 40 cm.
"L" shaped boxes Ver. 1
and 2, are medium sized measuring approx. Height x 600cm Width x40cm Depth x 600cm.level under the door
can have a flap for easy inspection.
"U" shaped boxes are
approx Height x 600cm Width x 800cm Depth 40cm.
Princess parrot care:
The Princess Parrot is an absolute
delight to have in any avian setting. They are easily adaptive, very friendly and highly curious type of birds. A
strict worming program every three months in Australian conditions is recommended for princess parrots. The main
reason of this is Princess Parrots love to explore the ground and feed of the ground as much as exploring other
parts of the aviary. Thus often birds kept within an aviary setting that are not wormed frequently defecate on the
ground and eat from this same floor area. Providing a perfect routine of worm infestation time after time, until
eventually the bird is so full of worms it dies through intestinal blockages or other intestinal related
Obviously birds that are housed in suspended
flight aviary's are not going to be in such direct contact with fecal matter, thus reinfestation of worm eggs is
greatly reduced. Many people are often unaware of this problem regarding worms, typically "round worm" and often
they may find there Princess Parrots simply "Drop Dead".
Although in most cases upon Autopsy the
findings are in more cases then none are related to mass infestation of worms within the intestinal tract. Now that
I have made you aware of this important fact, I now need to inform you of another typical scenario that I have
heard many times, extending from worm infested birds. People that do not maintain a strict worming program with
there birds are putting there birds at even more risk of death related incidence to worms.
This is because usually if left after a long
period the amount of worms inside the intestinal tract increase. In this circumstance when this happens and the
bird is wormed, all the worms are likely to die at once causing a fatal intestinal blockage. This might all sound
really complicated, but its really simple. Depending on what worming solution you are using will depend on how you
worm your bird.
The best person for advice for an adequate worm
regime is your local avian vet. I personally use a slow acting wormer first typically a sheep wormer "Panacur"
because it normally targets just roundworm. In two weeks later I use a standard avian wormer. After the worming I
use a high water pressure spray with disinfectant to clean the floor. This helps kill and remove any worm eggs on
the floor. If you are keeping a soil type floor, definitely keep a good worming program and change the soil
Princess parrot cage:
The only disadvantage of breeding a princess
parrot if it is desired to keep a hand raised bird in side, is they
will need a large cage, because of there very long tail. So for some people there cage being large in size
will cost more and may inhibit some to purchase such beautiful birds as pets, just because of the initial
Princess parrot Feeding and Diet:
Princess Parrots in the wild are Spinifex
grazers, So it stands to good reason they require small seeds within there diet. In an aviary setting, a diet
consisting of a Lovebird/Cockatiel mix with fresh fruit and vegetables is excellent to maintain great health for
your birds. Optional pelleted diets may also be supplied, as they are very inquisitive birds, and it will not take
long for them to accept new foods.
Princess parrot noises level:
Quite a pleasant chortle, while not being
excessively loud, they can still be heard for some distances. Usually they whistle alot with new birds around their
aviary, in the early mornings and late afternoons before roosting.